1 The Pond  
Depending on the time of season, this pond may or may not be filled with water.  Over the past year it has been observed that: this pond is dry in the summer, wet in the fall, frozen in the winter and wet in the spring.  This happens to be a property of a vernal pool.  The question as to whether or not the Sanborn wetland is a vernal pool will be addressed later on.

If closely examined it can be seen that plant life is making an assault upon this pond.  Its circumference is shrinking because it is becoming filled with plants and vegetable matter, which also results in oxygen deficiency in the midsummer, when it’s dry.  This is called eutrophication.

In the fall of 1998 I conducted studies on the microorganisms in the Sanborn Wetland and used water collected from this particular pond to collect my data.  I found some interesting stuff: amoeba, algae, flagellates and a water flea.  Microorganisms have adapted to survive the changing environment of the wetlands by several means.  An adaptation is a trait selected by evolutionary processes that aids in an organism’s survival.  Ways in which microorganisms have adapted to survive the dry summers are through: laying special winter eggs, entering a state of dormancy or suspended animation and forming a cyst, which is a sort of thick skin.


Further research can be done on the microorganisms in our wetlands.  I only found the several types that I mentioned but there is sure to be a larger variety out there.  It would be quite a project to see how many different microorganisms exist in the Sanborn wetland.  Another interesting project would be explaining another observation I made.  In the late fall, early summer of 1998 when I was conducting my studies and the wetland was dry, I could find no microorganisms.  Then one day it rained and I found a plethora.  Exactly why this was I do not know.